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لِمَاذَا تَتَعَلَّم العَرَبِيَّة؟ (Kenapa awak belajar bahasa Arab?)

Sekarang kita akan belajar tentang kata soalan dalam bahaa Arab. Letakkanlah kata soalannya di depan ayat untuk membina suatu soalan. Inilah senarai kata soalan dalam bahasa Arab:

hal seperti "ke" yang kita letakkan di akhir
kayfa bagaiman
kam berapa
man siapa
maadhaa, maa apa
lemaadhaa, lema kenapa
ayna di mana
matE bila
ay yang mana
If you want to form elegant questions, try, whenever possible, to put the verb right after the question word, in other words, try to make a verbal phrase after the question word. An example of a weak (yet still grammatically correct) translation of the question "do you listen to the radio?" is:
hal anta tasma3o alraadyoo?
As you see, the second word is not a verb, A better translation would be:
hal tasma3o anta alraadyoo?
And remembering that subject pronouns could even be removed, we get to how a native would translate the question:
hal tasma3o alraadyoo?
So the technique is hopefully clear by now, whenever possible try to put the verb in the second place. Knowing this technique, you can ask all kinds of questions like a native ;)

For answering questions and forming more expressive phrases, one needs some prepositions and articles. So it is a good chance to learn them now. Here is a list of useful prepositions and articles:

menn from/than
elE to
3an about
3alE on
fee in
be- with
ka- like
l- for
anna that
la'nna for that/because
lakenna but
A simple example of using prepositions is:
ayna anta? anaa fee alshaare3.
Using those prepositions and articles allows you to form complex phrases consisting of more than one verb. There is one common practice to be considered here nevertheless. In case a pronoun comes after a preposition or an article, the pronoun is replaced by its object pronoun. For example, if we want to translate the following phrase:
"I know that you study Arabic"
A valid, yet weak, translation would be:
a3refo [ anna anta ] tadreso al3arabeyyat> The rule here is to replace the pronoun by its object pronoun, that is:
anna anta= annaka the better translation then is:
a3refo annaka tadreso al3arabeyyat>

That is it with questions and prepositions, you are close to finish level 1!

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